Ancient Site of Sugh

   
Ancient Site of Sugh

Ancient Site of Sugh

Location -: Village- Amadalpur-Dayalgarh, Tehsil-Jagadhari, District- Yamunanagar

Situation -: Near Suryamandir-Tirth in village Amadalpur

Under protection of -: Government of India

Period -: Circa 5th Century BC to 12th Century AD

History and description -: The extensive mound (about 5 kms. in circumference) lies on the west bank along with the flood-plains of river Yamuna. These remains are identified with ancient town Shrughna, reported in the travel account of Hiuen Tsang. The site of ancient Sugh presently lies in the jurisdiction of village Amadalpur. The mound was excavated by Dr. Suraj Bhan of Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, Punjab University, Chandigarh and it was further excavated by Shri D.S.Malik and Shri M. Acharya of the Department of Archaeology & Museums, Government of Haryana.

Period-I :- The archaeological excavations revealed the relics of Painted Grey Ware at the lowest level. Second phase of this period is represented by occurrence of moulded and handmade terracotta figurines in Mauryan style, punch-marked coins, inscribed and uninscribed cast coins. A lead cast-coin with legend Kadasa in Mauryan Brahmi character with a trident and a snake figure on the obverse and an elephant with a rider on reverse is important / discovery of this phase.

Period-II :- This site is famous for the fanciful terracotta humanfigurines of Shunga-Kushana style. Beautiful terracotta figurines depicting a child writing alphabets on a wooden board have been discovered from this site and one of them is displayed in the National Museum, New Delhi and a few are in the collection of Haryana Prantiya Puratava Sangrahalaya, Gurukul, Jhajjar. The excavations have also yielded Red Polished Ware pottery with iron, copper, terracotta and stone objects, which are comparable with contemporary cultures of north India.

Period-III :- The evidence of occupation at Sugh after 7th century AD was also traced with the antiquities of the respective eras. These included two terracotta sealings, one belonging to 6th century, named Vyaghraja and other Sugha (the name of the city).

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